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December 14th 2019 - 19:42

The Bosunīs Mate Glossary of Terms

The Bosunīs Mate dictionary of Nautical Terms has been compiled from many sources and is constantly being augmented and revised in our attempt to capture as much of the rich yet complicated (and often conflicting) maritime termonology as possible.

You will find an extensive list of information about all sorts of nautical items from sailorīs knots to the sailors themselves, and from ships to the weather patterns of the seas they ply.

Random terms, by category

Abbreviations and Acronyms (41 terms)
SART
A device that emits a responce in the band used by RADAR Transcievers when it detects a signal from the same. It creates a distinctive pattern on the receiving RADAR display which can be used to locate the object.
The things sailors do (8 terms)
Hike
To lean out over the side of a smaller sailing vessel to balance it against the force of the wind. In some vessels an apparatus is rigged to assist in leaning our further called a trapeze.
Why say back when you can say aft instead! (20 terms)
Athwartships
At right angles to the fore-and-aft Line of the Boat; rowboat seats are generally positioned Athwartships.
Common sayings and expressions from maritime lore (149 terms)
Barratry
Any wrongful act knowingly done by the master to the detriment of the owner of either Ship or cargo; done without knowledge or consent of owner.
The foods of the sea (2 terms)
Sea-pie
A favorite dish for the crew of tall ships. It could consist of almost anything, but the propper dish consisted of layers of meat, vegetables, and fish alternating with crusts of bread and/or broken biscuit - affectionately referred to as a Two or Three decker based on the number of layers.
Various knots both functional and ornamental from the nautical to the ornamental and with both historic and present day value. (12 terms)
Catīs Paw
1) A tiwsting Knot made in a Bight of a Line to Secure to a hook or pin. Ideal for use with a sling where neither free end of the Rope is available.

2) A name given to a slight ripple on the water caused by a breeze during a calm.

Bits and bobs from life aboard ship (5 terms)
Heart of Oak
A british naval song wirtten by David Garrick that starts:

īCome cheer up, my lads, ītis to glory we steer,
To add something more to this wonderful yearī

Set to music by Willian Boyce in 1759 and commerating that same year "the year of vistories" or "the wonderful year" as the song proclaims. This is based on the victories at Lagos, Quiberon Bay, and the capture of Quebec - which all occured in that year during the seven years war 1756-63.

It was later a traditional...
Specific sailing maneuvers (33 terms)
Gybe
1. To go from one Tack to the other when running with the wind coming over the Stern.

2. The moment when the Boom swings across the Hull while changing tacks in this manner.

If handeled correctly a Fore and Aft rigged vessel should be able to Gybe safely regardless of wind strength. This is accomplished through easing Preventer tackle (if any) and by hauling in the main sheets so that there is less travel for the main Boom during the Gybe.

An unintentional Gybe, which can be the result ...
The points of sail and seamanship (76 terms)
Navigation
The skill of getting a vessel from one place to another.
The parts of ships (131 terms)
Hatch
An opening in the Deck for entering Below.
Important people and/or their positions in nautical history (14 terms)
Landlubbers
In the plural Landlubber usually referred to the general populous on shore. Landlubber itself was a derogatory term whereas in the plural it becomes more general and less of a "put-down"
Key locations of the maritime world (20 terms)
Pier
A loading/landing platform extending at an angle from the shore.
Rigging components and terms (104 terms)
Lash
1) To Secure or bind something using Rope or twine.
Sails, their parts and materials (30 terms)
loofe
(an older spelling for the word Luff)

1. (n) The leading edge of a Sail.

2. (v) The act of a Sail flapping in the wind.

3. (v) To bring the shipīs Head closer to the wind.

Types of vessels and some famous examples (22 terms)
Sandbagger
A type of broad shallow open or partly decked center-board sailing vessel which originated around the 1850. They carried tremendous Sail area for their size.
The various spars used aboard ship (6 terms)
Jibboom
A Spar Forward of Bowsprit that supports the Forward most staysails.
The tools of the trade (27 terms)
Voyal
An older name for a Messenger used to assist in weighing the Anchor.
terms awaiting clasification (36 terms)
none found
Meteorology and its relationship to sailing (7 terms)
Hurricane
A strong tropical revolving storm of force 12(65 mph) or higher in the northern hemisphere. Hurricanes revolve in a clockwise direction.
 
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