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February 20th 2017 - 02:52

The Bosunīs Mate Glossary of Terms

The Bosunīs Mate dictionary of Nautical Terms has been compiled from many sources and is constantly being augmented and revised in our attempt to capture as much of the rich yet complicated (and often conflicting) maritime termonology as possible.

You will find an extensive list of information about all sorts of nautical items from sailorīs knots to the sailors themselves, and from ships to the weather patterns of the seas they ply.

Random terms, by category

Abbreviations and Acronyms (41 terms)
ARTE
A team of members of the Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary - Pacific that work to help the various units around the coast with their training and also evaluate members at higher levels - to help ensure that everyone is meeting the same standards.
The things sailors do (8 terms)
Luff-up
To steer the Boat more into the wind, this could have the effect of causing the sails to flap or Luff.
Why say back when you can say aft instead! (20 terms)
Lee
1. Away from the direction from which the wind is blowing.

2. Sheltered from the wind.

Common sayings and expressions from maritime lore (149 terms)
Beneaped
A vessel is said to be ībeneapedī when she has run Aground at high water and tides are taking off so that the following tide fails to folat her.
The foods of the sea (2 terms)
Sea-pie
A favorite dish for the crew of tall ships. It could consist of almost anything, but the propper dish consisted of layers of meat, vegetables, and fish alternating with crusts of bread and/or broken biscuit - affectionately referred to as a Two or Three decker based on the number of layers.
Various knots both functional and ornamental from the nautical to the ornamental and with both historic and present day value. (12 terms)
Sail Tie
A quick release Knot used primairly for furling sails. Similar to the Sheet Bend, but finished by passing a Bight rather then the free end when finishing the Knot.

Many ships would have a supply of short Lines already having a Bight spliced in one end to used for creating Sail ties.

Bits and bobs from life aboard ship (5 terms)
Heart of Oak
A british naval song wirtten by David Garrick that starts:

īCome cheer up, my lads, ītis to glory we steer,
To add something more to this wonderful yearī

Set to music by Willian Boyce in 1759 and commerating that same year "the year of vistories" or "the wonderful year" as the song proclaims. This is based on the victories at Lagos, Quiberon Bay, and the capture of Quebec - which all occured in that year during the seven years war 1756-63.

It was later a traditional...
Specific sailing maneuvers (33 terms)
Haul around
change from a run to a reach
The points of sail and seamanship (76 terms)
Burdened vessel
A vessel which, according to the applicable Navigation Rules, must give way to the privileged vessel - the give-way vessel
The parts of ships (131 terms)
Planing-hull
A type of Hull shaped to glide easily across the top of the water at high speed.
Important people and/or their positions in nautical history (14 terms)
Powder Monkey
A terms used to describe the shipīs boys (typically 7-10) on war ships that would carry gun powder from the magazeen to the gun decks and stand ready to pass pre-measured Charges to the men at the gun.
Key locations of the maritime world (20 terms)
Overboard
1. Over the side of the vessel.

2. Out of the vessel.



Rigging components and terms (104 terms)
Mainsail
1. The for and Aft rigged Sail set on the Mainmast.

2. The lowest square Sail on the Mainmast.

3. The largest Sail.

Sails, their parts and materials (30 terms)
Sheet
The Line fastened to any Sail that is used to position it (control the Sail) relative to the wind.
Types of vessels and some famous examples (22 terms)
Sandbagger
A type of broad shallow open or partly decked center-board sailing vessel which originated around the 1850. They carried tremendous Sail area for their size.
The various spars used aboard ship (6 terms)
Yard
A Spar usually fixed horizontally to a Mast that supports a Sail.
The tools of the trade (27 terms)
Daybeacon
A fixed structure (Navigation aid) on shore or in shallow waters upon which is placed one or more daymarks.
terms awaiting clasification (36 terms)
none found
Meteorology and its relationship to sailing (7 terms)
Squall
A sudden violent blast of wind.
 
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